First of all, what does the term orchid propagation even mean? It’s just the term for multiplying and reproducing orchids, and there are several ways to do it. There are some more simple and accessible methods that can be done at home or on the farm, and some that only scientists use in general.
Let’s go over the most popular orchid propagation methods.
Orchid Propagation by Division
Division is hands down the easiest and most widespread method of orchid propagation, and gardeners usually do this in springtime when they start repotting their entire gardens.
What the word “division” means here is the act of splitting, or dividing, a mature plant’s root system into multiple parts, with every separated part having at least a new sprout each. When you divide the plants in this manner, each of the new plants have the ability to develop into a full size orchid that will flower and thrive, blooming usually for the first time the next season.
When you try this method be sure that there are a minimum of three back bulbs to each section and that there is a visible growth tip to each as well.
Orchid Propagation by Cutting
Using the cutting method to grow new orchid plants is pretty common although not as easy as division. The orchid type being propagated, however, will determine how the cutting is done. Epiphytic orchids have aerial roots all along the stem, requiring that you cut at the stem below the roots to get a good result. Use a little pot with nice rich growing medium in it to plant the cutting, and make sure that the medium covers all the roots and holds the cutting in place.
Some orchids are made for growing in the ground, and they have different requirements so the cutting procedure is different. These orchid plants will grow a little pseudo bulb when they are ready to reproduce. Just separate one of the bulbs along with some nice looking roots from the donor plant. Carefully plant the bulb in a smaller pot, keep the roots down and cover them delicately with potting mix but make sure the little pseudo bulbs are up in the fresh air.
Orchid Propagation by Seeds
Orchids have very unique, dusty looking seeds which can be planted. Orchid propagation with seeds is only done in laboratories because the area needs to be sterile and requires a lot of specialized equipment. Botanists or specialized growers that have set up a lab specifically for orchid propagation are really the only people who do it this way.
It might not seem too difficult to propagate orchids by doing cuttings or division; however it is important that you become educated on the method that is best for your type of orchid so you will be able to do it successfully.
Although these are not the only methods of orchid propagation, they are the ones that yield the best results. Orchid propagation is not hard to do, but you must pay attention to the specific requirements of your orchid and understand what it needs to reproduce.
Now that you have identified 3 techniques for orchid propagation, choose the right one for you and enjoy your orchid propagation results.
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